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Introduction

Gujarat occupies an area of 196,024 sq km and accounts for 6.19% of the total area of the country. As per provisional data of latest census 2011, Gujarat’s latest figure of population is 6.03 crore with 19.17% population growth. The Gujarat State at present comprises of 33 districts, sub-divided into 249 talukas, having 18,618 villages and 242 towns.

The Literacy rate in Gujarat has gone up to 79.31% in 2011 as compared to 69.14% in 2001. Of that, male literacy stands at 87.23% while female literacy is at 70.73%.

Demographic profile of Gujarat state:

S No Item Unit 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 Population            
1A Total Lacs 266.97 340.86 413.09 506.71 603.83
1A.1 Male Lacs 138.02 175.53 213.55 263.86 314.82
1A.2 Female Lacs 128.95 165.33 199.54 242.85 289.01
1A.3 Rural Lacs 192.01 234.84 270.63 317.41 346.70
1A.4 Urban Lacs 74.96 106.02 142.46 189.30 257.12
2 Decadal Population Growth Rate % 29.39 27.67 21.19 22.66 19.17
3 Urbanization % 28.08 31.10 34.49 37.36 42.58
4 Population Density No. 136 174 211 258 308
5 Sex Ratio            
5A Total No. 934 942 934 920 918
5A.1 Rural No. 951 959 949 945 947
5A.2 Urban No. 893 905 907 880 880
6 Literate Population            
6A Total Lacs 96 149 211 303 419.48
6A.1 Rural Lacs 64 96 130 166 218.97
6A.2 Urban Lacs 32 53 81 137 200.51
7 General Literacy Rate            
7A Total % 35.79 43.70 51.15 69.14 79.31
7A.1 Male % 46.11 54.44 60.99 79.66 87.23
7A.2 Female % 24.75 32.30 40.62 57.80 70.73

Mid Day Meal scheme is implemented for each and every child of all Govt. and Govt. Aided schools studying in primary and upper primary. It is heartening to note that the Mid Day Meal scheme is running successfully in Gujarat and all important parameters show a steady and significant improvement.